Piece-wise constant cluster modelling of dynamics of upwelling patterns
12 Sep 2023
A comprehensive approach is presented to analyse season's coastal upwelling represented by weekly sea surface temperature (SST) image grids. Our three-stage data recovery clustering method assumes that the season's upwelling can be divided into shorter periods of stability, ranges, each to be represented by a constant core and variable shell parts. Corresponding clustering algorithms parameters are automatically derived by using the least-squares clustering criterion. The approach has been successfully applied to real-world SST data covering two distinct regions: Portuguese coast and Morocco coast, for 16 years each.